Assessment of sleep in children with mucopolysaccharidosis type III

Louise Victoria Mahon, Michelle Lomax, Sheena Grant, Elaine Cross, Dougal Julian Hare, James Ed Wraith, Simon Jones, Brian Bigger, Kia Langford-Smith, Maria Canal

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    Sleep disturbances are prevalent in mucopolysaccharidosis Type III (MPS III), yet there is a lack of objective, ecologically valid evidence detailing sleep quantity, quality or circadian system. Eight children with MPS III and eight age-matched typically developing children wore an actigraph for 7-10 days/nights. Saliva samples were collected at three time-points on two separate days, to permit analysis of endogenous melatonin levels. Parents completed a sleep questionnaire and a daily sleep diary. Actigraphic data revealed that children with MPS III had significantly longer sleep onset latencies and greater daytime sleep compared to controls, but night-time sleep duration did not differ between groups. In the MPS III group, sleep efficiency declined, and sleep onset latency increased, with age. Questionnaire responses showed that MPS III patients had significantly more sleep difficulties in all domains compared to controls. Melatonin concentrations showed an alteration in the circadian system in MPS III, which suggests that treatment for sleep problems should attempt to synchronise the sleep-wake cycle to a more regular pattern. Actigraphy was tolerated by children and this monitoring device can be recommended as a measure of treatment success in research and clinical practice. © 2014 Mahon et al.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere84128
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2014


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