Assigning kinetic 3D-signatures to glycocodes

Benedict M. Sattelle, Andrew Almond

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    Abstract

    Reconciling glycocodes and their associated bioactivities, via 3D-structure, will rationalise burgeoning high-throughput functional glycomics data and underpin a new era of opportunity in chemical biology. A major impasse to achieving this goal is a detailed understanding of pyranose sugar ring 3D-conformation (or pucker) and the affiliated microsecond-timescale exchange kinetics. Here, we perform hardware-accelerated kinetically-rigorous equilibrium simulations of fundamental monosaccharides to produce the hypothesis that pyranoses have microsecond-timescale kinetic puckering signatures in water, classified as unstable (rare in the glycome), metastable (infrequently observed) and stable (prevalent). The predicted μs-metastability of β-d-glucose explained hitherto irreconcilable experimental measurements. Twisted puckers seen in carbohydrate enzymes were present in the aqueous 3D-ensemble (suggesting preorganization) and pyranose-water interactions accounted for the relative stability of β-d-galactose. Characteristic 3D-shapes for biologically- and commercially-important carbohydrates and new rules linking chemical modifications with pyranose μs-puckering kinetics are proposed. The observations advance structural-glycomics towards dynamic 3D-templates suitable for structure-based design. © the Owner Societies 2012.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5843-5848
    Number of pages5
    JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
    Volume14
    Issue number16
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2012

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