Association analysis of 5-HTTLPR variants, 5-HT2A receptor gene 102T/C polymorphism and migraine

Gabriella Juhasz, Terezia Zsombok, Andras Laszik, Xenia Gonda, Peter Sotonyi, Gabor Faludi, Gyorgy Bagdy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    It is well known that migraine has a strong genetic component, although the type and number of genes involved is not yet clear. There is evidence to suggest that serotonin-related genes participate in the pathogenesis of migraine. Previous studies have shown that gender differences influence the serotonergic neurotransmission and, in addition, the migraine prevalence is higher in females than males. Therefore, we investigated the functional polymorphism in the upstream regulatory region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) and the 102T/C polymorphism of the 5-HT2A receptor gene in the Hungarian female population. These genes were analysed in 126 migraine sufferers (with or without aura) and 101 unrelated healthy controls using case control design. A borderline association (χ2 = 3.84, df = 1, p = 0.049; OR = 1.45, 95% CI = 1.00-2.12) between 5-HTTLPR short (S) allele and migraine was found. No significant difference between migraine sufferers and controls was observed for the 102T/C polymorphism of 5-HT 2A receptor gene. Furthermore, there was no significant interaction between5-HTTLPR and 102T/C polymorphisms in our study population. In conclusion, our results support that the genetic susceptibility of migraine may be associated with a locus at or near the 5-HT transporter gene.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)231-240
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Neurogenetics
    Volume17
    Issue number2-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003

    Keywords

    • 5-HT2A receptor
    • Human genotypes
    • Migraine
    • Polymorphism
    • Serotonin transporter

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