ASSOCIATION OF DIETARY INTAKE WITH SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS AMONG NURSES AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN KARACHI

Fahim Raza, Subia Naz, Khalid Hussain, Amjad Ali, Tanseer Ahmed

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Abstract

Background: Nurses’ health status has great importance for their better and enhanced performance in hospital setup. An unhealthy diet may expose them to various diseases. The aim of this study was to identify dietary intake and its association with socio-demographic characteristics among nurses. Methods: The analytical cross-sectional study was conducted from 1st June to 31st July 2020 and included 337 nurses from Dr. Ruth Pfau Civil Hospital having a minimum of one year of working experience, using a purposive sampling technique. The Food Frequency Questionnaire (33-items) was used to measure dietary intake in association with the socio-demographics of nurses. Data were analysed using SPSS-23. Results: The majority (71.8%) of the study participants were female, 84.0% were married, and 49.2% were 31–40 years old. Low-fat dietary and dairy products were significantly associated with gender, marital status, age group, qualification, smoking, exercise, diabetes, and hypertension with p=0.02, 0.5, 0.03, <0.001, 0.03, <0.001, <0.01, and <0.01 respectively. Seafood and high-fat dairy products were significantly associated with exercise only (p=0.03). Conclusion: There was no significant association of fat and sweets intake with demographic characteristics except that low-fat diet and dairy products were significantly associated with all demographic variables. Seafood and high-fat dairy products had a significant association with exercise.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-9
Number of pages4
JournalPakistan Journal of Physiology
Volume19
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Association
  • Dietary intake
  • Nurses
  • Socio-demographics

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