Understanding the aetiology and progression of atopic dermatitis and respiratory allergy may elucidate early preventative and management strategies aimed towards reducing the global burden of asthma and allergic disease. In this article, we review the current opinion concerning the link between atopic dermatitis and the subsequent progression of respiratory allergies during childhood and into early adolescence. Advances in machine learning and statistical methodology have facilitated the discovery of more refined definitions of phenotypes for identifying biomarkers. Understanding the role of atopic dermatitis in the development of respiratory allergy may ultimately allow us to determine more effective treatment strategies, thus reducing the patient and economic burden associated with these conditions.
- Atopic dermatitis
- Biomarker identification
- Respiratory allergy
- Statistical machine learning
- Stratified and personalised medicine strategies