Attracting and repelling 2-body problems on a family of surfaces of constant curvature

James Montaldi, Luis García-Naranjo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We first provide a classification of the pure rotational motion of 2 particles on a sphere interacting via a repelling potential. This is achieved by providing a simple geometric equivalence between repelling particles and attracting particles, and relying on previous work on the similar classification for attracting particles. The second theme of the paper is to study the 2-body problem on a surface of constant curvature treating the curvature as a parameter, and with particular interest in how families of relative equilibria and their stability behave as the curvature passes through zero and changes sign. We consider two cases: firstly one where the particles are always attracting throughout the family, and secondly where they are attracting for negative curvature and repelling for positive curvature, interpolated by no interaction when the curvature vanishes. Our analysis clarifies the role of curvature in the existence and stability of relative equilibria.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dynamics and Differential Equations
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2020


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