Autoradiographic studies in animal models of hemi-parkinsonism reveal dopamine D2 but not D1 receptor supersensitivity. I. 6-OHDA lesions of ascending mesencephalic dopaminergic pathways in the rat

W. C. Graham, A. R. Crossman, G. N. Woodruff

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The selective dopaminergic antagonist ligands [3H]SCH 23390 and [3H]sulpiride were used to reveal autoradiographically dopamine D1 and D2 receptors, respectively, in brain sections from rats which had received unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) injections destroying ascending nigrostriatal neurones. The binding of both ligands to striatal sections was first shown to be saturable, reversible and of high affinity and specificity ([3H]SCH 23390: Bmax 2.16 pmol/mg protein, Kd 1.4 NM; [3H]sulpiride; Bmax 0.67 pmol/mg protein, Kd 10.7 nM). After unilateral stereotaxic 6-OHDA injections, rats rotated contralaterally when challenged with apomorphine (0.5 mg/kg), or specific D1 or D2 agonists, SKF 38393 (1.0-5.0 mg/kg) and LY 171555 (0.05-0.5 mg/kg), respectively. Loss of forebrain dopaminergic terminals was assessed autoradiographically using [3H]mazindol to label dopamine uptake sites. A loss of approximately 90-95% of uptake sites was reproducibly accompanied by an enhanced density of binding ipsilaterally for the D2 ligand, [3H]sulpiride, in all areas of the striatum, but most markedly in the lateral areas. An increase in the D2 binding site density was also seen in the ipsilateral nucleus accumbens and the olfactory tubercle. In contrast, in the same animals, the striatal D1 receptors were far less affected by dopaminergic denervation, with no consistent changes seen in the binding of [3H]SCH 23390. These results suggest that dopamine D2 receptors are more susceptible than D1 receptors to changes after dopaminergic denervation, which is expressed as an increase in the density of binding sites revealed here with [3H]sulpiride. © 1990.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)93-102
    Number of pages9
    JournalBrain research
    Volume514
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 1990

    Keywords

    • 6-Hydroxydopamine
    • Autoradiography
    • Dopamine D1 receptor
    • Dopamine D2 receptor
    • Parkinsonism
    • Supersensitivity

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