TY - JOUR

T1 - Balance relations for classical mixtures containing a moving non-material surface with application to phase transitions

AU - Svendsen, B.

AU - Gray, J. M N T

PY - 1996/6

Y1 - 1996/6

N2 - This work is concerned with an extension of classical mixture theory to the case in which the mixture contains an evolving non-material surface on which the constituents may interact, as well as be created and/or annihilated. The formulation of constituent and mixture jump balance relations on/across such a non-material surface proceed by analogy with the standard "volume" or "bulk" constituent and mixture balance relations. On this basis, we derive various forms of the constituent mass, momentum, energy and entropy balances assuming (1), that the constituent in question is present on both sides of the moving, non-material surface, and (2), that it is created or annihilated on this surface, as would be the case in a phase transition. In particular, we apply the latter model to the transition between cold and temperate ice found in polythermal ice masses, obtaining in the process the conditions under which melting or freezing takes place at this boundary. On a more general level, one of the most interesting aspects of this formulation is that it gives rise to certain combinations of the limits of constituent and mixture volume fields on the moving mixture interface which can be interpreted as the corresponding surface form of these fields, leading to the possibility of exploiting the surface entropy inequality to obtain restrictions on surface constitutive relations.

AB - This work is concerned with an extension of classical mixture theory to the case in which the mixture contains an evolving non-material surface on which the constituents may interact, as well as be created and/or annihilated. The formulation of constituent and mixture jump balance relations on/across such a non-material surface proceed by analogy with the standard "volume" or "bulk" constituent and mixture balance relations. On this basis, we derive various forms of the constituent mass, momentum, energy and entropy balances assuming (1), that the constituent in question is present on both sides of the moving, non-material surface, and (2), that it is created or annihilated on this surface, as would be the case in a phase transition. In particular, we apply the latter model to the transition between cold and temperate ice found in polythermal ice masses, obtaining in the process the conditions under which melting or freezing takes place at this boundary. On a more general level, one of the most interesting aspects of this formulation is that it gives rise to certain combinations of the limits of constituent and mixture volume fields on the moving mixture interface which can be interpreted as the corresponding surface form of these fields, leading to the possibility of exploiting the surface entropy inequality to obtain restrictions on surface constitutive relations.

U2 - 10.1007/s001610050037

DO - 10.1007/s001610050037

M3 - Article

SN - 0935-1175

VL - 8

SP - 171

EP - 187

JO - Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics

JF - Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics

IS - 3

ER -