Bayesian component separation and cosmic microwave background estimation for the five-year wmap temperature data

C. Dickinson, H. K. Eriksen, A. J. Banday, J. B. Jewell, K. M. Górski, G. Huey, C. R. Lawrence, I. J. O'Dwyer, B. D. Wandelt

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    A well-tested and validated Gibbs sampling code, that performs component separation and cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum estimation, was applied to the WMAP five-year data. Using a simple model consisting of CMB, noise, monopoles, and dipoles, a "per pixel" low-frequency power-law (fitting for both amplitude and spectral index), and a thermal dust template with a fixed spectral index, we found that the low-ℓ (ℓ < 50) CMB power spectrum is in good agreement with the published WMAP5 results. Residual monopoles and dipoles were found to be small (≲3 μK) or negligible in the five-year data. We comprehensively tested the assumptions that were made about the foregrounds (e.g., dust spectral index, power-law spectral index prior, templates), and found that the CMB power spectrum was insensitive to these choices. We confirm the asymmetry of power between the north and south ecliptic hemispheres, which appears to be robust against foreground modeling. The map of low-frequency spectral indices indicates a steeper spectrum on average (β = -2.97 0.21) relative to those found at low (GHz) frequencies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1607-1623
    Number of pages17
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume705
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

    Keywords

    • Cosmic microwave background
    • Cosmology: observations
    • Radio continuum: ISM

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