Bedtime routines, chaos or joy? Using the Theoretical Domains Framework to identify barriers and facilitators for bedtime routines in families with young children

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterpeer-review

Abstract

Bedtime routines are a highly recurrent family activity with important health, social and behavioural consequences. Despite their importance, information regarding formation, establishment and maintenance of bedtime routines remains limited. This study examined perceived barriers to, and facilitators of, formulating, establishing and maintaining optimal bedtime routines in families with young children from deprived socio-economic areas. A total of 32 parents participated in the study. They completed a semi-structured interview based on the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). A deductive approach was used for the analysis of data. Key barriers included lack of appropriate knowledge and sources of information, problematic skills development, social influences, cognitive overload, lack of self-monitoring, lack of motivation and negative emotions. Facilitators included social role/identity, environment/access to resources, positive intentions, beliefs about consequences and reinforcement. In particular, optimal bedtime routines were less likely to be enacted when parents were tired/fatigued and there was a strong effect of habit, with suboptimal routines maintained over time due to past experiences and a lack of awareness about the contents and importance of a good bedtime routine. Several theory-based, and potentially modifiable, determinants of optimal bedtime routines were identified in this study, providing important information for future interventions. Several of the key determinants identified were transient (tiredness) and/or non-conscious (habit), suggesting that future interventions may need to be deployed in real time, and should extend beyond conventional techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2020
EventCBC Online Conference 2020
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Duration: 16 Sept 202018 Sept 2020
https://www.ucl.ac.uk/behaviour-change/events/cbc-online-conference-2020

Conference

ConferenceCBC Online Conference 2020
Period16/09/2018/09/20
Internet address

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