Bending stiffness of conical and standard external fixator pins

O. O A Oni, M. Capper, C. Soutis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The bending stiffnesses of a conical and a standard external fixator pin have been compared. The pins were inserted into pilot holes in a piece of teak hardwood and loads of different magnitudes were applied at a fixed moment arm. Force-deflection curves were obtained for each pin, and stiffness (newtons per metre) and percentage stiffness reduction were calculated for each pilot hole size. The results show that deflection increased (i.e. stiffness decreased) with increasing force or diameter of pilot hole. This loss of stiffness was linear for the standard pin but was bimodal for the conical pin. © 1993.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1036-1038
    Number of pages2
    Issue number13
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 1993


    • Bending stiffness
    • external fixator pins
    • surgical implants


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