Bilateral graduation: The impact of EPAs on LDC Trade Space

Silke Trommer, Alisa DiCaprio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As trade is prominently mainstreamed into development policies, the ongoing Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) negotiations between the EU and the African, Carribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries are a turning point in Least Developed Countries (LDC) engagement with the international trading system. The process covers most UN-designated LDCs and is the first time they feature in the first row of international trade talks. We explore how the space LDCs occupy in the trade regime will be affected by EPAs. The analysis suggests that they move LDCs towards effective graduation from special and differential treatment, while innovating on policy tools to address underdevelopment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1607-1627
JournalJournal of Development Studies
Issue number9
Early online date27 Oct 2010
Publication statusPublished - 27 Oct 2010


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