We investigated speech perception advantages arising from the use of inter-aural time difference cues, and from the provision of redundant information by the use of a hearing aid contralateral to a cochlear implant (bimodal hearing devices). Thirty-eight subjects (14 normally hearing and 23 hearing-impaired) participated in this study. The effect of binaural redundancy was assessed by comparing the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) required for 50% correct identification of sentences in noise when listening monaurally to that when listening binaurally. The use of inter-aural time difference cues was determined by comparing the binaural SNRs obtained with or without a noise delay of 700 µs between ears. Results indicated adults who used bimodal hearing devices benefited from binaural redundancy, but children did not. Whereas normally hearing subjects used inter-aural time difference cues to improve speech perception in noise, neither adults nor children who used bimodal hearing devices were able to do so.
- cochlear implant and hearing aid
- speech intelligibility
- binaural redundancy
- inter-aural time difference
- binaural squelch