Bioinspired synthesis of hydroxyapatite nanocrystals in the presence of collagen and l-arginine: Candidates for bone regeneration.

Despoina Brasinika, Olga Tsigkou, Athena Tsetsekou, Yiannis F Missirlis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This work aims at the bioinspired synthesis of hydroxyapatite (HAp) crystals in the presence of both collagen and l-arginine, in an effort to obtain a homogeneous hybrid material, having a bone-like nanostructure. Collagen (Col) is the most commonly utilized protein in most species of life, while l-arginine (Arg) encourages cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation on HAp surfaces. Transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy were used to analyze surface morphology and structure of nanocrystals obtained under different synthesis conditions. It was shown that collagen and arginine content affect HAp crystallization. Collagen has an inhibition effect since HAp crystal size is reduced with the increase of collagen content. The presence of arginine is crucial as a critical content exists (Ca(2+) :Arg = 1:1) under which HAp nanocrystals coexist with brushite. Under the optimum synthesis conditions (HAp/Col weight ratio 70/30 and Ca(2+) :Arg molar ratio 1:1) HAp nanoplates of a uniform size (around 10 × 10 nm) were obtained. The biocompatibility of this hybrid powder was assessed using human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Cell response in terms of MSC attachment (scanning electron microscopy) and viability/proliferation (Alamar Blue) demonstrated a noncytotoxic effect of the new material. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2015.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2015


    • arginine
    • bioinspired approach
    • collagen
    • cytotoxicity evaluation
    • hydroxyapatite nanocrystals


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