Biosurfactants for Plastic Biodegradation

Matthew Smith, Pattanathu Rahman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The introduction of biosurfactants into modern study has sparked avenues of research across many areas, as a result of their low ecotoxicity, biodegradability, tolerance to environmental extremes, and their inherent ability to reduce surface/interfacial tensions. This has led researchers to assess the current barriers which prevent their large-scale industrial use, a significant factor of which is their high production cost. Researchers have also been pondering how to enhance our ability to discover new biosurfactants, increase their production rates, and, additionally, how to use them to answer big issues such as plastic pollution. This article will be looking into the answers that literature has so far generated in dealing with such questions, covering the development of biosurfactant screening technologies and the movement from traditional optimization strategies to biotechnological strategies, while dealing with how the two are able to be used together to further maximize final yields. Furthermore, the properties of biosurfactants which have been highlighted in previous research and how these may potentially be utilized in dealing with plastic pollution, namely the issue of microplastic output from wastewater facilities will be assessed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationApplied Biotechnology for Emerging Pollutants Remediation and Energy Conversion
EditorsB. Samuel Jacob, K. Ramani, V. Vinoth Kumar
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer Nature
Chapter3
Pages37-53
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9789819911790
ISBN (Print)9789819911783, 9789819911813
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2023

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