Biotinyl analogues of rat amylin were synthesised with sulfosuccinimidyl 2-(biotinamido)ethyl-1,3-dithiopropionate(NHS-SS-Biotin). Biotinylated amylin peptides were purified by HPLC, quantitated, and the presence of the biotin group at Lys-1 confirmed by peroxidase-labelled avidin and FAB mass spectroscopy. Amylin-biotin retained a similar affinity for binding to rat liver plasma membranes compared with rat amylin and also completely inhibited insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis in rat soleus muscle incubated in vitro. These biologically active amylin probes will enable a complete analysis of amylin/CGRP receptor expression in various cell types and facilitate the isolation and characterisation of the hormone-receptor complex. © 1992.
- Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus