Body image and explicit and implicit anti-fat attitudes: The mediating role of physical appearance comparisons

Kerry S. O'Brien, John A. Hunter, Jamin Halberstadt, Jeremy Anderson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Prejudice against overweight people is rife. However, there is a paucity of research on the underlying reasons for it. In two studies the relationship between body image, the tendency to make physical appearance-related comparisons (PACS), and both explicit and implicit anti-fat attitudes was examined. In Study 1 (n = 227) people with a high tendency to make physical appearance-related comparisons (high PACS scorers) reported lower self-appearance evaluation, but higher appearance orientation and explicit anti-fat attitudes. The PACS fully mediated the relationship between appearance orientation and explicit anti-fat attitudes. Study 2 (n = 134) found that the PACS also mediated the relationship between appearance orientation and implicit anti-fat attitudes. Thus, individual differences in factors such as body image and the tendency to make appearance-related comparisons, appear to play a central role in both explicit and implicit anti-fat attitudes. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)249-256
    Number of pages7
    JournalBody Image
    Volume4
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2007

    Keywords

    • Anti-fat attitudes
    • Body image
    • Physical appearance comparison

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