Bone collected during dental implant surgery: A clinical and histological study

Malcolm Peter Jackson Young, Helen Victoria Worthington, Richard Ernest Lloyd, David Bernard Drucker, Philip Sloan, Duncan Howard Carter

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Bone traps vary in design, although the effect of pore size on the nature of the debris collected in vivo has not yet been established. The aims of this study were 1) to compare the clinical performance of two bone collectors during implant surgery, ii) to establish the mass of tissue collected by each device, and iii) to characterize the nature of the collected debris. Thirty-eight patients (paired for implant site) were categorised into three clinical groups according to the site and the number of implants they were to receive. Patients underwent bone collection with the Frios bone trap® or the Osseous Coagulum Trap® according to a randomisation sequence. The samples were fixed in formalin, frozen, freeze-dried and weighed. Material from each sample was embedded in paraffin wax and stained with haematoxylin and eosin. All sections were examined by optical microscopy and the proportion of bone to coagulum was established histomorphometrically. During surgery, the Frios bone trap® blocked once and the Osseous Coagulum Trap® blocked 11 times. In all cases where blockage occurred, excess coagulum was apparent. All the samples that were collected by the Frios bone trap® contained bone and coagulum, with a mean proportion of 90.6% bone. With regard to the Osseous Coagulum Trap®, one sample contained no bone and two samples contained only trace amounts of bone; the remaining samples contained a mean proportion of 67.3% bone. Pore size affects both clinical performance and the histological composition of the debris collected, and this might have important implications if used as an augmentation material. Copyright © Blackwell Munksgaard 2002.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)298-303
    Number of pages5
    JournalClinical oral implants research
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2002


    • Collected bone debris
    • Dental implants
    • Histological analysis


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