Boron Doped Diamond: A Designer Electrode Material for the Twenty-First Century

Samuel J. Cobb, Zoe J. Ayres, Julie V. Macpherson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Boron doped diamond (BDD) is continuing to find numerous electrochemical applications across a diverse range of fields due to its unique properties, such as having a wide solvent window, low capacitance, and reduced resistance to fouling and mechanical robustness. In this review, we showcase the latest developments in the BDD electrochemical field. These are driven by a greater understanding of the relationship between material (surface) properties, required electrochemical performance, and improvements in synthetic growth/fabrication procedures, including material postprocessing. This has resulted in the production of BDD structures with the required function and geometry for the application of interest, making BDD a truly designer material. Current research areas range from in vivo bioelectrochemistry and neuronal/retinal stimulation to improved electroanalysis, advanced oxidation processes, supercapacitors, and the development of hybrid electrochemical-spectroscopic- and temperature-based technology aimed at enhancing electrochemical performance and understanding.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-484
Number of pages22
JournalAnnual Review of Analytical Chemistry
Early online date26 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


  • boron doped diamond
  • electrochemistry
  • fabrication
  • electroanalysis
  • advanced oxidation
  • neurochemistry


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