Brief Report: Durvalumab After Chemoradiotherapy in Unresectable Stage III EGFR-mutant NSCLC: A Post-Hoc Subgroup Analysis from PACIFIC

Jarushka Naidoo, Scott Antonia, Yi-Long Wu, Byoung Chul Cho, Piruntha Thiyagarajah, Helen Mann, Michael Newton, Corinne Faivre-Finn

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Introduction: Consolidation durvalumab (the “PACIFIC regimen”) is standard of care for patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC who have not progressed after chemoradiotherapy, on the basis of data from the phase 3 placebo-controlled PACIFIC study (NCT02125461). Nevertheless, the benefit of immunotherapy in patients with stage III EGFR-mutant (EGFRm) NSCLC is not well characterized. Here, we report a post hoc exploratory efficacy and safety analysis from a subgroup of patients with EGFRm NSCLC from the PACIFIC. Methods: Patients with stage III unresectable NSCLC and no progression after more than or equal to two cycles of platinum-based concurrent chemoradiotherapy were randomized (2:1) to receive durvalumab (10 mg/kg intravenously every 2 weeks [wk], for up to 1 y) or placebo; stratified by age, sex, and smoking history. Enrollment was not restricted by oncogenic driver gene mutation status or programmed death-ligand 1 expression. Patients with NSCLC with an EGFR mutation, determined by local testing only, were included in this subgroup analysis. The primary end points were progression-free survival (PFS; assessed by blinded independent central review) and overall survival (OS). Secondary end points included objective response rate and safety. Statistical analyses for the subgroup of patients with EGFRm NSCLC were post hoc and considered exploratory. Results: Of 713 patients randomized, 35 had locally confirmed EGFRm NSCLC (durvalumab, n = 24; placebo, n = 11). At data cutoff (January 11, 2021), median duration of follow-up for survival was 42.7 months (range: 3.7–74.3 mo) for all randomized patients in the subgroup. Median PFS was 11.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.3–20.7) with durvalumab versus 10.9 months (95% CI: 1.9–not evaluable [NE]) with placebo; hazard ratio = 0.91 (95% CI: 0.39–2.13). Median OS was 46.8 months (95% CI: 29.9–NE) with durvalumab versus 43.0 months (95% CI: 14.9–NE) with placebo; hazard ratio = 1.02 (95% CI: 0.39–2.63). The safety profile of durvalumab was generally consistent with the overall population and known profile for durvalumab. Conclusions: PFS and OS outcomes with durvalumab were similar to placebo for patients with EGFRm tumors, with wide CIs. These data should be interpreted with caution owing to small patient numbers and lack of a prospective study that evaluates clinical outcomes by tumor biomarker status. Further research to determine the optimal treatment for unresectable stage III EGFRm NSCLC is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-663
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
Issue number5
Early online date24 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2023


  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Durvalumab
  • EGFR


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