British athletics muscle injury classification: A reliability study for a new grading system

A. Patel, Julian Chakraverty, N. Pollock, R Chakraverty, Anu Suokas, Spencer L. James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim To implement and validate the newly proposed British athletics muscle injury classification in the assessment of hamstring injuries in track and field athletes and to analyse the nature and frequency of the discrepancies. Materials and methods This was a retrospective study analysing hamstring injuries in elite British athletes using the proposed classification system. Classification of 65 hamstring injuries in 45 high-level athletes by two radiologists at two time points 4 months apart to determine interrater variability, intrarater variability, and feasibility of the classification system was undertaken. Results Interrater Kappa values of 0.80 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.67-0.92; p<0.0001) for Round 1 and 0.88 (95% CI: 0.76-1.00; p<0.0001) for Round 2 of the review were observed. Percentages of agreement were 85% for Round 1 and 91% for Round 2. The intrarater Kappa value for the two reviewers were 0.76 (95% CI: 0.63-0.88; p<0.0001) and 0.65 (95% CI: 0.53-0.76; p<0.0001) and the average was 0.71 suggesting substantial overall agreement. The percentages of agreement were 82% and 72%, respectively. Conclusions This classification system is straightforward to use and produces both reproducible and consistent results based on interrater and intrarater Kappa values with at least substantial agreement in all groups. Further work is ongoing to investigate whether individual grades within this classification system provide prognostic information and could guide clinical management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1414-1420
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Radiology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


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