Bypass versus Angioplasty in Severe Ischaemia of the Leg (BASIL) trial: Analysis of amputation free and overall survival by treatment received

Charles Mccollum, Andrew W. Bradbury, Donald J. Adam, Jocelyn Bell, John F. Forbes, F. Gerry R Fowkes, Ian Gillespie, Charles Vaughan Ruckley, Gillian M. Raab

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    Abstract

    Background: An intention-to-treat analysis of randomized Bypass versus Angioplasty in Severe Ischaemia of the Leg (BASIL) trial data showed that initial randomization to a bypass surgery (BSX)-first strategy was associated with improvements in subsequent overall survival (OS) and amputation-free survival (AFS) of about 7 and 6 months, respectively. We describe the nature and timing of first, crossover, and reinterventions and examine AFS and OS by first treatment received. We also compare vein with prosthetic BSX and transluminal with subintimal balloon angioplasty (BAP) and examine outcomes from BSX after failed BAP. Methods: We randomly assigned 452 patients with SLI due to infrainguinal disease in 27 United Kingdom hospitals to a BSX first (n = 228) or a BAP first (n = 224) revascularization strategy. All patients have been monitored for 3 years and more than half for >5 years. We prospectively collected data on every procedure, major amputation, and death. Results: Patients randomized to BAP were more likely to have their assigned treatment first (94% vs 85%, P = .01, χ2test). BAP had a higher immediate technical failure rate of 20% vs 2.6% (P = .01, χ2test). By 12 weeks after randomization 9 BAP (4%) vs 23 BSX (10%) patients had not undergone revascularization; 3 BAP (1.3%) vs 13 BSX (5.8%) had undergone the opposite treatment first; and 35 BAP (15.6%) and 2 (0.9%) BSX had received the assigned treatment and then undergone the opposite treatment. BSX distal anastomoses were divided approximately equally between the above and below knee popliteal and crural arteries; most originated from the common femoral artery. About 25% of the grafts were prosthetic and >90% of vein BSX used ipsilateral great saphenous vein. Most (80%) BAP patients underwent treatment of the SFA alone (38%) or combined with the popliteal artery (42%) and crural arteries (20%). Outcome of vein BSX was better for AFS (P = 0.003) but not OS (P = 0.38, log-rank tests) than prosthetic BSX. There were no differences in outcome between approximately equal numbers of transluminal and subintimal BAP. AFS (P = 0.006) but not OS (P = 0.06, log rank test) survival was significantly worse after BSX after failed BAP than after BSX as a first revascularization attempt. Conclusions: BAP was associated with a significantly higher early failure rate than BSX. Most BAP patients ultimately required surgery. BSX outcomes after failed BAP are significantly worse than for BSX performed as a first revascularization attempt. BSX with vein offers the best long term AFS and OS and, overall, BAP appears superior to prosthetic BSX. Crown Copyright © 2010.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of vascular surgery
    Volume51
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2010

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