Calcium phosphate in catheter encrustation

A. J. Cox, J. E. Harries, D. W L Hukins, A. P. Kennedy, T. M. Sutton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Encrusted catheters from nine female patients were the source of samples of deposits which were examined by X-ray diffraction, atomic absorption spectroscopy, infra-red spectroscopy and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. In eight samples the only crystalline phase which could be clearly distinguished by X-ray diffraction was ammonium magnesium orthophosphate hexahydrate, NH4MgPO4.6H2O, which occurs naturally as the mineral struvite. However, atomic absorption spectroscopy revealed an appreciable concentration of calcium in all samples. Calcium phosphates have previously been detected in catheter deposits. Infra-red and EXAFS spectra were consistent with the calcium phosphate being present as a poorly crystalline hydroxyapatite. Thus the deposits appear to consist of a mixture of crystalline struvite and a form of hydroxyapatite which is not fully cystalline.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)159-163
    Number of pages4
    JournalBritish Journal of Urology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1987


    • Catheters, Indwelling
    • Crystallization
    • Durapatite
    • Female
    • Humans
    • analysis: Hydroxyapatites
    • analysis: Magnesium
    • Magnesium Compounds
    • analysis: Phosphates
    • Spectrum Analysis
    • Urinary Catheterization


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