Calibration of a Finite Element Forward Model in Eddy Current Inspection.

Joel Hampton, Henok Tesfalem, Oliver Dorn, Adam Fletcher, Anthony Peyton, Matthew Brown

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We report on the use of a novel constrained optimisation algorithm for calibrating the finite element model in an eddy current inspection application. An accurate finite element forward model is often important in such eddy current applications for training neural networks or as part of an iterative solver. However, the subject of calibration of the model has not received much attention in the literature to date.We consider amulti-frequency, eddy current depth profiling application, which is important for non-destructive testing in the nuclear industry. In the optimisation algorithm, we use a Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm and a bisection search to ensure constraints are satisfied, coupled with a truncated Gradient and Hessian method. We calibrate two types of finite element models, one using a filament representation for the coils and the other using a full 3D approach. The results show the feasibility of using the constrained non-linear optimisation algorithm for tuning the finite element model parameters. The mean signal-noise ratio after tuning on a truncated spectrum was 29.47 dB for the 3D model and 28.96 dB for the filament; in contrast the mean SNR using the measured coil parameters was 1.48 dB and 4.98 dB for the two uncalibrated models, respectively. The results show that a filament model is competitive with a 3D model of the coils (within the nuclear graphite application); therefore, a computationally faster filament model can be used with minimal effect on accuracy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2022


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  • Electromagnetic Sensing Group

    Peyton, A., Fletcher, A., Daniels, D., Conniffe, D., Podd, F., Davidson, J., Anderson, J., Wilson, J., Marsh, L., O'Toole, M., Watson, S., Yin, W., Regan, A., Williams, K., Rana, S., Khalil, K., Hills, D., Whyte, C., Wang, C., Hodgskin-Brown, R., Dadkhahtehrani, F., Forster, S., Zhu, F., Yu, K., Xiong, L., Lu, T., Zhang, L., Lyu, R., Zhu, R., She, S., Meng, T., Pang, X., Zheng, X., Bai, X., Zou, X., Ding, Y., Shao, Y., Xia, Z. & Zhang, Z.

    1/10/04 → …

    Project: Research

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