Can Work Time Fragmentation Influence Workers’ Subjective Time Pressure? The Roles of Gender and Parenthood

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Abstract

This article investigates how the fragmentation of work time influences subjective time pressure, and how this relationship varies across gender and parenthood status. This is an important question that has been neglected by previous studies. Using the latest UK time-use data (N = 620) from 2020 to 2021 and Ordinary Least Squares regressions, the study finds that work time fragmentation generally predicts more subjective time pressure. Specifically, work time fragmentation is found to increase subjective time pressure more among women without children than mothers. However, this effect is inverted among men, as the fragmentation of work time predicts more subjective time pressure among fathers but not among men without children. These findings provide a nuanced understanding of the adverse consequences of ‘role switching’ and ‘work schedule instability’ and their interaction with gender and parenthood. Accordingly, future research should consider work time fragmentation as a vital indicator of job and life quality.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSociology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • parenthood
  • precarious schedules
  • role conflicts
  • time fragmentation
  • time pressure

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