Candida albicans does not invade carious human dentine

M. Maijala, Rautemaa-Richardson Richardson, A. Järvensivu, M. Richardson, T. Salo, L. Tjäderhane

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Aim: Candida albicans has been proposed to be a caries pathogen, but the evidence for its specific role is lacking. To be considered significant in caries progression, a marked amount of yeasts should be present in a lesion. The aim of the study was to investigate the presence of C. albicans in dentinal caries lesions. Materials and methods: To demonstrate the extension of caries and to identify the bacteria in a lesion, sections of 10 carious human teeth were stained with Gram and Giemsa stains. C. albicans was detected with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining and by immunohistochemistry using a C. albicans-specific antibody 3H8. Thirty sections were used for each staining (in total 120 sections). Results: Extensive bacterial invasion and intensive staining by PAS occurred in all samples. However, with the C. albicans-specific antibody, only 30 (3.3%) sections stained weakly positive, with a few stained cells on the lesion surface. However, the positive identification of C. albicans, based on the morphology of the cells, was not possible. Conclusions: The results do not support the previous suggestion that C. albicans is important in the dentine caries pathology. In addition, because of its unspecific nature, PAS turned out to be an unsuitable method for detecting yeasts in carious tooth samples. © 2007 The Authors.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)279-284
    Number of pages5
    JournalOral Diseases
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - May 2007


    • Candida albicans
    • Caries
    • Dentine
    • Humans
    • Immunohistochemistry


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