BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: ADC measurements have been shown to have an inverse relationship with tumor cell density. DCE-MR imaging modeling techniques can produce a measurement of the ve, which would also be expected to have an inverse relationship with cell density. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that areas of increased cellularity, and therefore low ADC, would be expected to have a small EES (low ve). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients with GBM were recruited. All imaging was performed before surgery on a 3T MR imaging scanner. Imaging included diffusion tensor imaging, T1-weighted DCE-MR imaging, and anatomic sequences. Tumor VOIs were defined on the anatomic images and modified to contain only enhancing voxels. Parametric maps of ADC and ve were generated. Statistical analysis of ADC and ve was performed on both a voxel-by-voxel basis and comparison of median values. RESULTS: No correlation was demonstrated between ADC and ve in either a voxel-by-voxel analysis or comparison of median values (P =.124). CONCLUSIONS: This study failed to demonstrate a correlation between ADC and ve. This is important because it suggests that though the mechanisms underlying these parameters are theoretically similar, they actually reflect different aspects of tumor microenvironment. Consequently ADC and ve should be considered to provide independent information about the properties of the EES.
- BRAIN-TUMORS; WEIGHTED MRI; GRADE ASTROCYTOMAS; WATER DIFFUSION; BREAST-TUMORS; GLIOMAS; DEXAMETHASONE; PERMEABILITY; PERFUSION; LEAKAGE