Candidate-gene screening and association analysis at the autism-susceptibility locus on chromosome 16p: Evidence of association at GRIN2A and ABAT

Jonathan Green, Gabrielle Barnby, Aaron Abbott, Nuala Sykes, Andrew Morris, Daniel E. Weeks, Richard Mott, Janine Lamb, Anthony J. Bailey, Anthony P. Monaco

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Autism is a highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder whose underlying genetic causes have yet to be identified. To date, there have been eight genome screens for autism, two of which identified a putative susceptibility locus on chromosome 16p. In the present study, 10 positional candidate genes that map to 16p11-13 were examined for coding variants: A2BP1, ABAT, BFAR, CREBBP, EMP2, GRIN2A, MRTF-B, SSTR5, TBX6, and UBN1. Screening of all coding and regulatory regions by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography identified seven non-synonymous changes. Five of these mutations were found to cosegregate with autism, but the mutations are not predicted to have deleterious effects on protein structure and are unlikely to represent significant etiological variants. Selected variants from candidate genes were genotyped in the entire International Molecular Genetics Study of Autism Consortium collection of 239 multiplex families and were tested for association with autism by use of the pedigree disequilibrium test. Additionally, genotype frequencies were compared between 239 unrelated affected individuals and 192 controls. Patterns of linkage disequilibrium were investigated, and the transmission of haplotypes across candidate genes was tested for association. Evidence of single-marker association was found for variants in ABAT, CREBBP, and GRIN2A. Within these genes, 12 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were subsequently genotyped in 91 autism trios (one affected individual and two unaffected parents), and the association was replicated within GRIN2A (Fisher's exact test, P <.0001). Logistic regression analysis of SNP data across GRIN2A and ABAT showed a trend toward haplotypic differences between cases and controls. © 2005 by The American Society of Human Genetics. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)950-966
    Number of pages16
    JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005


    • genetics: 4-Aminobutyrate Transaminase
    • Alleles
    • genetics: Autistic Disorder
    • Chromosome Mapping
    • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16
    • Gene Frequency
    • Genetic Markers
    • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
    • Genetic Screening
    • Haplotypes
    • Humans
    • Linkage Disequilibrium
    • Logistic Models
    • Mutation, Missense
    • Pedigree
    • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
    • genetics: Protein Subunits
    • genetics: Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
    • Regression Analysis
    • Variation (Genetics)


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