Carbon Capture and Utilisation: Application of Life Cycle Thinking to Process Design

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Applying life cycle thinking at an early design stage can help engineers to deliver sustainable systems by design. To demonstrate how this can be carried out at a practical level, this paper proposes a simplified methodology for integrating life cycle considerations into process design. Combining flowsheeting and life cycle assessment, it shows how environmental ‘hotspots’ can be identified and translated into key design targets to improve the sustainability of a system from ‘cradle to grave’. The method is applied to a carbon capture and utilisation system using waste CO2 to produce synthetic diesel in a Fischer-Tropsch process. Although the system is energy intensive, applying life cycle thinking helps to make synthetic diesel competitive not only with fossil but also with biodiesel in terms of the climate change impact.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
    PublisherElsevier BV
    Number of pages5
    Volume37
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2015
    Event12th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering and 25th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering - Bella Center, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Duration: 31 May 20154 Jun 2015

    Publication series

    NameComputer Aided Chemical Engineering
    PublisherElsevier

    Conference

    Conference12th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering and 25th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
    CityBella Center, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Period31/05/154/06/15

    Keywords

    • carbon capture and utilisation
    • life cycle assessment
    • process design
    • fuels

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