Cardiomyocyte-specific loss of plasma membrane calcium ATPase 1 impacts cardiac rhythm and is associated with ventricular repolarisation dysfunction

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Abstract

Plasma membrane calcium ATPase 1 (PMCA1, Atp2b1) is emerging as a key contributor to cardiac physiology, involved in calcium handling and myocardial signalling. In addition, genome wide association studies have associated PMCA1 in several areas of cardiovascular disease including hypertension and myocardial infarction. Here, we investigated the role of PMCA1 in basal cardiac function and heart rhythm stability. Cardiac structure, heart rhythm and arrhythmia susceptibility were assessed in a cardiomyocyte-specific PMCA1 deletion (PMCA1CKO) mouse model. PMCA1CKO mice developed abnormal heart rhythms related to ventricular repolarisation dysfunction and displayed an increased susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias. We further assessed the levels of cardiac ion channels using qPCR and found a downregulation of the voltage-dependent potassium channels, Kv4.2, with a corresponding reduction in the transient outward potassium current which underlies ventricular repolarisation in the murine heart. The changes in heart rhythm were found to occur in the absence of any structural cardiomyopathy. To further assess the molecular changes occurring in PMCA1CKO hearts, we performed proteomic analysis. Functional characterisation of differentially expressed proteins suggested changes in pathways related to metabolism, protein-binding, and pathways associated cardiac function including β-adrenergic signalling. Together, these data suggest an important role for PMCA1 in basal cardiac function in relation to heart rhythm control, with reduced cardiac PMCA1 expression resulting in an increased risk of arrhythmia development.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of molecular and cellular cardiology
Early online date1 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2022

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