Cellular ceramics by direct foaming of emulsified ceramic powder suspensions

Suelen Barg, Christian Soltmann, Miria Andrade, Dietmar Koch, Georg Grathwohl

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    A new direct foaming method to produce macroporous cellular ceramics using surfactants as foam stabilizers is presented. The technology relies on the transition of a stabilized aqueous ceramic powder suspension containing a homogeneously dispersed alkane or air-alkane phase into cellular ceramics. The stabilization of the powder suspension and the emulsion is realized with particular emphasis on the interaction of both mechanisms providing enduring stability of the system up to high foaming degrees. Anionic, cationic, and nonionic surfactants were studied with their stabilization and foaming effects. The presence and influence of air bubbles was proved to be of negligible importance. Foaming is then provided by the evaporation of the emulsified alkane droplets, leading to the expansion of the emerging foam and giving rise to solids foams with cell sizes from 0.5 to 3 mm and porosities up to 97.5% after sintering. The microstructures of these filigree ceramics are stable and rigid with dense struts and uniform distributions of the solid phase and the porosity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2823-2829
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
    Volume91
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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