Central actions of CRF on thermogenesis are mediated by pro-opiomelanocortin products

N. J. Rothwell, A. Hardwick, R. A. LeFeuvre, S. R. Crosby, A. White, Rosalind Le Feuvre

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Corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) causes central activation of thermogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this action is mediated by ACTH or other peptides derived from the ACTH precursor pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) within the CNS. Central (intracerebroventricular) injection of rat CRF caused dose-dependent increases in resting oxygen consumption (VO2) in conscious rats (maximal 26 ± 5% at 2 nmol CRF). These responses were significantly attenuated by pretreatment (i.c.v.) with either a monoclonal antibody raised to γ1-MSH or with naloxone which antagonises β-endorphin (β-EP) actions. The increases were not affected by pretreatment with monoclonal antibodies to ACTH or the N-terminal of POMC. Central injections of γ1-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) or β-EP caused dose-dependent increases in VO2 (maximal at 0.5-1.5 pmol) and these were markedly inhibited by pretreatment with the antibody or naloxone respectively. Injection of ACTH or αMSH did not significantly affect VO2 at doses up to 2 nmol. These data indicate that the anti-γ1-MSH central actions of CRF on thermogenesis may be mediated, at least in part, by release of γMSH and/or β-EP. © 1991.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-92
Number of pages3
JournalBrain research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 1991


  • β-Endorphin
  • γ-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone
  • Corticotrophin-releasing factor
  • Thermogenesis

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Manchester Institute of Biotechnology


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