Changing clinical features of odontogenic maxillofacial infections

Lotta Seppänen, Rautemaa-Richardson Richardson, Christian Lindqvist, Anneli Lauhio

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Odontogenic maxillofacial infections occasionally require hospital care. Our aim was to study whether the number and the clinical features of patients hospitalized due to odontogenic abscesses in a large hospital district in Finland had changed in one decade. A retrospective analysis of two 12-month study cohorts one decade apart from the same population base was conducted. The first cohort comprised 71 patients and the second cohort comprised 101 patients. The incidence of odontogenic infections requiring hospital care increased from 5.3 to 7.2 per 100,000 inhabitants. The need for intensive care increased significantly from 15% to 32%, and the maximal C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in the latter cohort, 127mg/L, compared to the first cohort, 104mg/L. The proportion of previously healthy patients decreased significantly from 83% to 65%. Odontogenic maxillofacial infections have become more prevalent and more severe during the decade in our hospital district. An increasing proportion of patients had underlying diseases. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)459-465
    Number of pages6
    JournalClinical Oral Investigations
    Volume14
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • C-reactive protein
    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Intensive care
    • Odontogenic maxillofacial infection
    • Space infection

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