Characterization of a charybdotoxin-sensitive intermediate conductance Ca 2+-activated K + channel in porcine coronary endothelium: Relevance to EDHF

Rostislav Bychkov, Matthew P. Burnham, Gillian R. Richards, Gillian Edwards, Arthur H. Weston, Michel Félétou, Paul M. Vanhoutte

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    1. This study characterizes the K + channel(s) underlying charybdotoxin-sensitive hyperpolarization of porcine coronary artery endothelium. 2. Two forms of current-voltage (I/V) relationship were evident in whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of freshly-isolated endothelial cells. In both cell types, iberiotoxin (100 nM) inhibited a current active only at potentials over +50 mV. In the presence of iberiotoxin, charybdotoxin (100 nM) produced a large inhibition in 38% of cells and altered the form of the I/V relationship. In the remaining cells, charybdotoxin also inhibited a current but did not alter the form. 3. Single-channel, outside-out patch recordings revealed a 17.1 ± 0.4 pS conductance. Pipette solutions containing 100, 250 and 500 nM free Ca 2+ demonstrated that the open probability was increased by Ca 2+. This channel was blocked by charybdotoxin but not by iberiotoxin or apamin. 4. Hyperpolarizations of intact endothelium elicited by substance P (100 nM; 26.1 ± 0.7 mV) were reduced by apamin (100 nM; 17.0 ± 1.8 mV) whereas those to 1-ethyl-2-benzimidazolinone (1-EBIO, 600 μM, 21.0 ± 0.3 mV) were unaffected (21.7 ± 0.8 mV). Substance P, bradykinin (100 nM) and 1-EBIO evoked charybdotoxin-sensitive, iberiotoxin-insensitive whole-cell perforated-patch currents. 5. A porcine homologue of the intermediate-conductance Ca 2+-activated K + channel (IK1) was identified in endothelial cells. 6 In conclusion, porcine coronary artery endothelial cells express an intermediate-conductance Ca 2+-activated K + channel and the IK1 gene product. This channel is opened by activation of the EDHF pathway and likely mediates the charybdotoxin-sensitive component of the EDHF response.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1346-1354
    Number of pages8
    JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
    Volume137
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2002

    Keywords

    • Apamin
    • Calcium-activated potassium channels
    • Charybdotoxin
    • EDHF
    • Endothelium
    • Hyperpolarization
    • Iberiotoxin
    • IK1 gene product

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