Characterization of a rice (Oryza sativa L.) gene encoding a temperature-dependent chloroplast ω-3 fatty acid desaturase

Jingwen Wang, Feng Ming, Jon Pittman, Yingying Han, Jing Hu, Bin Guo, Daleng Shen

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    A cDNA, designated Osfad8, encoding a chloroplast ω-3 fatty acid desaturase responsible for trienoic fatty acid formation, was isolated from the leaves of Oryza sativa L. by RT-PCR. Southern blot hybridization indicated that a small gene family composed of two copies or closely linked genes exists. RNA in situ hybridization showed that the accumulation of Osfad8 mRNA was abundant in leaves but hardly detectable in roots. The Osfad8 transcript level in leaves was much higher at 15°C than at normal temperature (25°C). In situ hybridization also showed particularly prominent expression of Osfad8 in the palisade layer and spongy parenchyma cells of leaves when exposed to 15°C conditions for 5 days and 10 days. Two transgenic lines (8S-52 and 8S-101) harboring the Osfad8 ORF in sense orientation under the control of the CaMV 35S promoter contained increased levels of hexadecatrienoic (16:3) and linolenic (18:3) fatty acids. When exposed to 2°C for 7 days, the damage observed to the control plants was significantly alleviated in the 8S-52 and 8S-101 lines. The amounts of trienoic fatty acids in an Osfad8 antisense line (8A-35) declined 40.2% compared to the control plants. The 8A-35 plants survived after growth at 44°C for 3 days while the control plants died. These data suggest that Osfad8 encodes a temperature-dependent chloroplast ω-3 fatty acid desaturase. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1209-1216
    Number of pages7
    JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Feb 2006


    • ω-3 fatty acid desaturase
    • Fatty acid
    • In situ hybridization
    • Oryza sativa L.
    • Osfad8
    • Transgenic tobacco


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