Chemical allergy: molecular mechanisms and practical applications.

I Kimber, G F Gerberick, H Van Loveren, R V House

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Allergic reactions can be defined as the adverse, tissue-damaging, and sometimes fatal consequences of specific immune responses, usually to exogenous antigens. In the context of toxicology it is allergic reactions resulting from immune responses to chemicals and drugs which are of greatest relevance. The allergy may take a variety of forms including contact hypersensitivity (allergic contact dermatitis), respiratory hypersensitivity (with symptoms ranging from mild rhinitis to severe asthma), and various types of comparatively ill-defined reactions which in many respects resemble autoimmunity. Of these contact hypersensitivity is the most frequently encountered health problem resulting from the interaction of chemicals with the immune system. A wide variety of chemicals are able to induce contact sensitization. Some of these are, in addition, known to cause respiratory hypersensitivity, a less frequent, but no less important, form of chemical allergy.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalFundamental and applied toxicology : official journal of the Society of Toxicology
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 1992


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