Chemical Looping Reforming for syngas generation at real process conditions in packed bed reactors: an experimental demonstration

Panagiotis Alexandros Argyris, Christopher De Leeuwe, Syed Zaheer Abbas, Alvaro Amieiro, Stephen Poultson, David Wails, Vincenzo Spallina

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Chemical looping reforming (CLR) is a promising technology for syngas production combining autothermal operation with integrated CO2 capture. At large scale, reformer outlet pressure during syngas production is an important factor for the overall plant’s process efficiency and defines the requirements for downstream processing. Packed bed reactors are widely used and established in industry for high pressure operating conditions due to their robust and, compared to other reactor types, simpler engineering. In this paper, CLR in packed bed reactors (CLR-PB) is demonstrated under a pressure range of 1 – 5 bar in a lab scale reactor,using NiO/CaAl2O4 as the oxygen carrier (OC). Oxidation, reduction and dry reforming processes were
examined in a wide range of temperature (400 – 900 °C), pressure (1 – 5 bar), flowrate (10 – 40 NLPM) and different inlet gas compositions, providing an important foreground for the optimal operating conditions for each process. Furthermore, a full CLR-PB pseudo-continuous cycle has been successfully demonstrated for the first time in a lab reactor setup. During the full cycle operation, CH4 conversion >99% has been achieved, while the
temperature and concentration profiles provided identical results for consecutive cycles verifying the continuity and the feasibility of the process. These results constitute the basis for the scale-up of the process, where heat losses would be minimized and the energy efficiency of the process would be significantly higher.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134883
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Early online date29 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2022


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