Chemical vapour deposition diamond coating on tungsten carbide dental cutting tools

H. Sein, W. Ahmed, C. A. Rego, A. N. Jones, M. Amar, M. Jackson, R. Polini

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Diamond coatings on Co cemented tungsten carbide (WC-Co) hard metal tools are widely used for cutting non-ferrous metals. It is difficult to deposit diamond onto cutting tools, which generally have a complex geometry, using a single step growth process. This paper focuses on the deposition of polycrystalline diamond films onto dental tools, which possess 3D complex or cylindrical shape, employing a novel single step chemical vapour deposition (CVD) growth process. The diamond deposition is carried out in a hot filament chemical vapour deposition (HFCVD) reactor with a modified filament arrangement. The filament is mounted vertically with the drill held concentrically in between the filament coils, as opposed to the commonly used horizontal arrangement. This is a simple and inexpensive filament arrangement. In addition, the problems associated with adhesion of diamond films on WC-Co substrates are amplified in dental tools due to the very sharp edges and unpredictable cutting forces. The presence of Co, used as a binder in hard metals, generally causes poor adhesion. The amount of metallic Co on the surface can be reduced using a two step pre-treatment employing Murakami etching followed by an acid treatment. Diamond films are examined in terms of their growth rate, morphology, adhesion and cutting efficiency. We found that in the diamond coated dental tool the wear rate was reduced by a factor of three as compared to the uncoated tool.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)S2961-S2967
    JournalJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
    Issue number39
    Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2003


    • cemented carbide
    • cvd diamond
    • films
    • nucleation


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