Child and adult adiposity and subtype-specific endometrial cancer risk: a multivariable Mendelian randomisation study

Oliver J. Kennedy, Cemsel Bafligil, Tracy A. O’mara, Xuemin Wang, D. Gareth Evans, Siddhartha Kar, Emma J. Crosbie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Increased adiposity is a known risk factor for endometrial cancer (EC). This study aimed to disentangle the separate causal roles of child and adult adiposity on EC risk in adults, including endometrioid and non-endometrioid histological subtypes using multivariable Mendelian randomisation. These analyses employed genetic associations derived from UK Biobank as proxies for child and adult body size in 12,906 cases and 108,979 controls that participated in the Endometrial Cancer Association Consortium. In multivariable analyses, adult body size increased overall EC (OR 2.30, 95% CI 1.73–3.06) and endometrioid EC risk (OR 2.28, 95% CI 1.65–3.16), while child body size had minimal effect. In contrast, child body size (OR 2.26, 95% CI 1.03–4.99) but not adult body size increased non-endometrioid EC risk. As such, child adiposity has an indirect effect on endometrioid EC risk that is mediated by adult adiposity but has a direct effect on non-endometrioid EC risk that is independent of adult adiposity. These novel findings indicate that interventions targeting adiposity during distinct periods in life have a critical role in preventing subtype-specific EC.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of obesity
Early online date10 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Nov 2022

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Manchester Cancer Research Centre

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