The human red blood cell was used as a model system in order to study the effect of cholesterol and its medically important oxidized derivatives (OSC = oxidized sterol compounds) on the calcium entry channel. The calcium-ejecting adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) was inhibited by vanadate and the influx of 45Ca2-into the cells measured. The cells were loaded with OSC at concentrations between 0.075 and 1.5 μg OSC/107 cells. Two classes of OSC could be distinguished: one stimulating Ca2+ influx dose-dependently by almost 100% at maximum concentrations, the other inhibiting it dose-dependently by up to 80%. The calcium channel blocker nitrendipine inhibited influx by 70% at 15 μM. More than 90% of the total stimulation or inhibition was accounted for by an influence on the nitrendipine-inhibitable part of influx, i.e. the calcium channel. Cholesterol (incorporated using liposomes) had a stimulatory (+ 288%), cholesterol depletion an inhibitory effect on calcium influx (-18%). These results demonstrate that cholesterol and its oxidized derivatives modulate the calcium channel in a highly stereospecific manner and provide new insights into the mechanism of action and the atherogenic effect of these compounds.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of hypertension|
|Publication status||Published - 1984|