Chronic venlafaxine treatment fails to alter the levels of galanin system transcripts in normal rats

Peter Petschner, Gabriella Juhasz, Viola Tamasi, Csaba Adori, Laszlo Tothfalusi, Tomas Hökfelt, Gyorgy Bagdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is widely accepted that efficacy and speed of current antidepressants' therapeutic effect are far from optimal. Thus, there is a need for the development of antidepressants with new mechanisms of action. The neuropeptide galanin and its receptors (GalR1, GalR2 and GalR3) are among the promising targets. However, it is not clear whether or not the galanin system is involved in the antidepressant effect exerted by the currently much used inhibitors of the reuptake of serotonin and/or noradrenaline. To answer this question we administered the selective serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) venlafaxine (40mg/kg/day via osmotic minipumps) to normal rats and examined the levels of the transcripts for galanin and GalR1-3 after a 3-week venlafaxine treatment in the dorsal raphe, hippocampus and frontal cortex. These areas are known to be involved in the effects of antidepressants and in depression itself. Venlafaxine failed to alter the expression of any of the galanin system genes in these areas. Our results show that one of the most efficient, currently used SNRIs does not alter transcript levels of galanin or its three receptors in normal rats. These findings suggest that the pro- and antidepressive-like effects of galanin reported in animal experiments may employ a novel mechanism(s).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalNEUROPEPTIDES
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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