Circular Economy in Construction: A Systematic Literature Review of the Application of Material Passports

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The construction sector is one of the most resource-intensive and polluting industries. According to the European Union (EU), the industry accounts for over 50% of virgin resources, contributes to 35% of total waste, and emits over 12% of greenhouse gases. Under these circumstances, there is an urge for the industry to transit from a linear economy model to a circular one, whereby materials and products can be recycled and reused. To support such a paradigm shift in the sector, the EU introduced Material Passports (MPs) in 2016, through which a digitalised database inventory of materials, components, and products to be used in a building can be built. Since then, researchers have attempted to develop different ways to implement and utilise MPs. However, a systematic review of how MPs have been used to facilitate the circular economy in construction is missing. To address this knowledge gap, this paper aims at conducting a systematic literature review to examine the extent to which the MPs have been used in a building life cycle using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis (PRISMA) approach. Findings indicate that existing applications have primarily focused on the design and decommissioning phases of the building lifecycle; however, the operational and maintenance phase has been given scarce attention. Findings also point out the digitalised potential of MPs with other Industry 4.0 tools.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSEEDS Conference
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 23 Jun 2023


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