Click trains and the rate of information processing: Does "speeding up" subjective time make other psychological processes run faster?

Luke A. Jones, Clare S. Allely, John H. Wearden

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    Abstract

    A series of experiments demonstrated that a 5-s train of clicks that have been shown in previous studies to increase the subjective duration of tones they precede (in a manner consistent with "speeding up" timing processes) could also have an effect on information-processing rate. Experiments used studies of simple and choice reaction time (Experiment 1), or mental arithmetic (Experiment 2). In general, preceding trials by clicks made response times significantly shorter than those for trials without clicks, but white noise had no effects on response times. Experiments 3 and 4 investigated the effects of clicks on performance on memory tasks, using variants of two classic experiments of cognitive psychology: Sperling's (1960) iconic memory task and Loftus, Johnson, and Shimamura's (1985) iconic masking task. In both experiments participants were able to recall or recognize significantly more information from stimuli preceded by clicks than those preceded by silence. © 2010 The Experimental Psychology Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)363-380
    Number of pages17
    JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
    Volume64
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

    Keywords

    • Iconic memory
    • Information processing
    • Reaction time
    • Time perception

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