This chapter deals with how the recognition and interpretation of palaeoclimatic conditions and change recorded in sedimentary successions can be used for stratigraphical correlation. Climate stratigraphy, or climatostratigraphy (Zubkhov 1965; Gibbard 2007), has been most widely applied in Quaternary successions because the short-term high amplitude glacial-interglacial climate cycles are recorded in deep ocean oxygen isotopic records, presenting some of the most complete and continuous stratigraphical datasets spanning this period and enabling regional chronostratigraphical divisions based mostly on non-marine successions to be correlated to the global timescale (Fig. 10.1). The development of climate stratigraphy has enabled global comparison of orbitally-forced climate cycles. This phenomenon is not unique to the Quaternary (Chapters 9 and 15) and is increasingly used for older parts of the geological record as far back as the Proterozoic (Lantink et al. 2019). Furthermore, super-regional or global climatic events associated with rapid global warming (e.g. Palaeocene-Eocene thermal maximum event, Mesozoic oceanic anoxic events) or cooling (e.g. mid-Miocene climatic cooling event, Late Ordovician glaciation) often provide an unequivocal basis for high-resolution global correlation. Other climatic indicators (Section 10.2) such as palynomorph assemblages and sedimentary facies are used throughout the geological record for local and regional correlation.
|Title of host publication||Deciphering Earth's History: the Practice of Stratigraphy|
|Place of Publication||London|
|Publisher||Geological Society |
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Nov 2022|
|Name||Geoscience in Practice|
|Publisher||The Geological Society|