Climate variability induced livelihood vulnerability: A systematic review and future prospects

Geeta Kumari, Haroon Sajjad, Md Hibjur Rahaman, Md Masroor, Roshani, Raihan Ahmed, Mehebub Sahana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Climate variability has increased the frequency of disasters and affected the livelihood of the people to a greater extent. Therefore, livelihood vulnerability assessment assumes greater significance for understanding the interlinkages between climate variability induced disasters and livelihood pattern. In this paper, an attempt has been made to trace knowledge gaps, examine trends of research, and suggest future direction. We first collected 191 papers in the domain from Web of Science and Google scholar search engines from 1999 to 2019. Descriptive and thematic attributes of these papers were reviewed for identifying the missing links between climate variability and livelihood vulnerability and recommending future research action. Findings revealed that most of the studies were conducted at the local and regional level where the agricultural sector has taken dominance over other sectors. There is limited interdisciplinary coordination on the subject leading to limited cross-scale interactions. Geographically, more studies were carried out in the plains. Future research should focus on mountains and coastal areas. Forest, aquaculture, and dairy farming should accord priority in such ecosystems. Empirical studies with an interdisciplinary approach need to be carried out for livelihood vulnerability assessment.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
Issue number3
Early online date27 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2022


  • adaptation
  • climate variability
  • future researches
  • livelihood vulnerability
  • research gaps


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