Clinical presentation, microbiological features and correlates of disease severity of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) infection

S. Di Giambenedetto, L. Zileri Dal Verme, M. Sali, S. Farina, V. Di Cristo, S. Manzara, A. De Luca, G. Pignataro, M. Prosperi, A. Di Franco, N. Gentiloni Silveri, G. Delogu, R. Cauda, M. Fabbiani, G. Fadda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The purpose of this study was to describe epidemiological, clinical and microbiological characteristics of confirmed novel influenza A (H1N1) infection, investigating factors associated with disease severity. We retrospectively selected patients seeking care for respiratory symptoms in two periods (May-August and September-November 2009) with different epidemiological characteristics. Only patients with confirmed pandemic influenza A (H1N1) were enrolled in this study. A total of 104 patients with H1N1 infection were evaluated, mostly referring classic influenza symptoms; in addition, diarrhea and vomiting were often referred. Clinical signs, symptoms and respiratory complications were different in the two periods. Of all patients, 18 (17%) had pneumonia. Patients older than 50 years showed a lower probability of pneumonia diagnosis when compared to children aged 0-13 (p=0.049); a longer duration of symptoms before medical care was associated with a higher probability of pneumonia (p=0.026). Phylogenetic analysis showed a low variability both in hemagglutinin and neuraminidase genes. In addition, no neuraminidase mutation associated with antiviral resistance was detected. A detailed description of respiratory diseases associated with H1N1 infection was provided and factors associated with its severity were investigated, thus contributing to the insight into epidemiological, clinical and microbiological knowledge of the disease. © Springer-Verlag 2010.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)541-549
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011


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