Co-located offshore wind and tidal stream turbines: assessment of energy yield and loading

David Lande-Sudall, Timothy Stallard, Peter Stansby

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Co-location of wind 1 and tidal stream turbines provides opportunity for improved economic viability of electricity generation from these resources relative to projects exploiting each resource separately. Here co-deployment is assessed in terms of energy generation and loading of support structures. Energy yield is modelled using an eddy viscosity wake model for wind turbines and superposition of self-similar wake for tidal turbines. A case-study of the Inner Sound of the Pentland Firth is considered. For 3.5 years of coincident resource data, 12MW wind capacity co-located with a 20MW tidal array results in a 70% increase in energy yield, compared to operating the tidal turbines alone. Environmental loads are modelled for a braced monopile structure supporting both a wind and tidal turbine, as well as for each system in isolation. Peak loading of the combined system is found to be driven by wind loads with greatest overturning moment occurring with the wind turbine operating at close to rated-speed and the tidal turbine close to its shutdown speed. Mean loads vary across the tidal array by 4.5% indicating no significant shielding effects are gained by co-locating in more sheltered regions of the array.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalRenewable Energy
    Early online date21 Dec 2017
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018


    • Co-location
    • oshore wind farms
    • tidal stream arrays
    • hybrid
    • environmental loads
    • energy yield


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