Co-segregation of HLA and rheumatoid arthritis in multicase families

A. Silman, E. Hennessy, M. Ditri, W. Ollier

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    Inheritance of parental HLA haplotypes was examined in the offspring of 95 multicase rheumatoid arthritis (RA) families. Overall, in these families there was no evidence of preferential transmission of one parental haplotype, although this might have been expected given the loading of these families with RA cases. However, there was a difference in inheritance when the affected and non-affected offspring were compared. A co-segregation analysis showed that the inheritance of parental HLA haplotypes was different between the affected and the unaffected offspring. Unlike a previous report, no difference was demonstrated in this study between the offspring of affected and non-affected parents. Similarly, the affected offspring of HLA DR4 heterozygote parents were more likely to inherit HLA DR4 than the non-affected offspring. It is concluded first that linkage studies of RA using the affected sib-pair method are not invalidated, which would have been the case in the presence of preferential transmission of HLA to all offspring. Secondly, HLA and specifically HLA-DR4 does co-segregate with RA, and, finally, parental RA status, independent of DR4, has little influence in explaining the genetic susceptibility to RA.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)15-20
    Number of pages5
    JournalTissue Antigens
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1989




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