Cobalt sulfide nanoparticles: Synthesis, water splitting and supercapacitance studies

Rehana Akram, Malik Dilshad Khan, Camila Zequine, Chen Zhao, Ram K. Gupta, Masood Akhtar, Javeed Akhtar, Mohammad Azad Malik, Neerish Revaprasadu, Moazzam H. Bhatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Different alkyl xanthate complexes of cobalt (alkyl = Ethyl, Hexyl, Octyl) were synthesized and used for the synthesis of nanoparticles by a solvent-less route. The p-XRD of the nanoparticles showed the formation of the CoS phase only from all precursors. The effect of size and surface capping on energy generation and energy storage applications was investigated. The electrocatalytic performance of the synthesized samples for hydrogen (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), indicates that CoS synthesized from the octyl xanthate complex (CoS-Oct) showed higher electrocatalytic performance. A lower over potential of 325 mV and 200 mV was observed for CoS-Oct, at a current density of 10 mA/cm2, for OER and HER, respectively. The charge storage performance was also investigated, where an inverse trend was observed i.e. the highest specific capacitance (1500 F/g, at scan rate 2 mV/s) was observed for the CoS sample synthesized from ethyl xanthate (CoS-ET). Similarly, the discharge time for CoS-ET was longer as compared to the other samples, suggesting better performance for the charge storage applications. The use of cobalt xanthate complexes for the preparation of CoS by melt method, and the effect of self-capped and uncapped surface of CoS on supercapacitance and OER/HER performance, has never been investigated before.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104925
JournalMaterials science in semiconductor processing
Volume109
Early online date12 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Charge storage
  • Hydrogen evolution
  • Solventless
  • Supercapacitance
  • Water splitting

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