Cognitive NOMA with Blind Transmission-Mode Identification

Hamad Yahya, Emad Alsusa, Arafat Al-Dweik, Mérouane Debbah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work presents a novel nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA) cognitive radio (CR) system where the base station (BS) opportunistically multiplexes the secondary user (SU) with the primary user (PU) using power-domain NOMA. As the PU has the priority to transmit and SU is satisfied on best-effort basis, four different transmission-modes (TMs) are produced at the BS, which are PU orthogonal multiple access (PU-OMA), SU-OMA, PU/SU-NOMA, and silent mode. Consequently, the considered protocol can be classified as a hybrid underlay-interweave CR-NOMA. The TM adaptation should be seamless for the PU where its detector configuration remains unchanged regardless of the active TM. In contrast, the SU has to identify the active TM blindly, i.e. without side information, to select the appropriate detector. The identification process is performed using a classifier that is designed based on the maximum likelihood criterion. The performance of the proposed system is analyzed in terms of throughput, packet error rate (PER), and classification error. The Binomial and Multinomial theorems are utilized to simplify and allow a tractable analysis. The derived closed-form expressions, corroborated by Monte-Carlo simulation results, show that the hybrid CR-NOMA can provide substantial throughput improvement over conventional NOMA, which is about a 100%.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 22 Jan 2023


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